Native American

An Annotated Bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians)

Tumacacori National Historical Park is hosting Bernard (Bunny) L. Fontana's 915-page annotated bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians) and of Mission San Xavier del Bac, and by extension, the Spanish and Mexican-period history of the Pimería Alta. It is in word searchable form and can be directly accessed on the Park's website. The bibliography is the culmination of an effort that began in 1956. Compiled by Bernard L. Fontana with the assistance of Michael U. Owens.

American Indian Film Gallery

An online collection of more than 450 historic films by and about Native peoples of the Americas, compiled and digitized by historian J. Fred MacDonald over many years. These films range in date from 1925-2010. Most date to the so-called Golden Age of educational filmmaking, from 1945 to the rise of consumer-grade video equipment in the 1970s.

Words & Places

Natives sitting on rock surfaceThrough a unique blend of imagery and sound, this website captures the complex oral traditions of Native American communities in the American Southwest. Songs are sung and stories told within the landscapes which inspired them. The tapes explore a world in which words and place possess symbolic and time-honored significance.

Mission Churches of the Sonoran Desert

In the spring of 1687, an Italian Jesuit missionary named Father Eusebio Francisco Kino started work among a group of Indians on the far northwest frontier of New Spain. The Indians he visited called themselves "O'odham" or "the People" in their own language and were called "Pimas" by the Spaniards. The region where Kino worked, which he called the "Pimería Alta," or "Upper Pima Country," is now divided between the Mexican state of Sonora and the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, most of it falls within the Sonoran Desert region.